Anatomy and physiology course revision for the skeletal system

Published on 11th July 2016

Anatomy and Physiology Course revision

Identify the following DISEASES AND DISORDERS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

           

 

 

1.       ...............................................................................................................................

            Pain and stiffness in the joints.  A general term.

            More specifically:     Bones and joints = Arthritis

                                                Muscles and soft tissue = Fibrositis

                                                Nervous system = Neuritis

     

     

2.       ...............................................................................................................................

          Body attacks its own tissue in a joint - the cartilage and synovial membrane

 

 

3.       ...............................................................................................................................

Irritation of joints caused by wear and tear, usually due to ageing.  Cartilage
degenerates and spurs of new bone tissue are deposited.  Bones can fuse,
reducing movement

 

4.       ...............................................................................................................................

          Inflammation of Bursa

 

 

5.       ...............................................................................................................................

            Displacement of bone caused by tearing of ligaments or tendons

 

 

6.       ...............................................................................................................................   

Forcible wrenching or twisting of joint with partial rupture of attachments

 

 

7.       ...............................................................................................................................

Decreased bone mass as a result of decreased levels of oestrogen.  Common in

post-menopausal women

 

8.       ...............................................................................................................................

          Partial or complete break of bone

 

 

9.       ...............................................................................................................................

            Soft bones due to bone not calcifying because of lack of vitamin D

DISEASES AND DISORDERS OF THE

SKELETAL SYSTEM

 

10.     ...............................................................................................................................

            Exaggerated outward curvature of the spine in the thoracic region

 

 

11.     ...............................................................................................................................

Inward exaggeration of the spine in the lumbar region

 

     

12.     ...............................................................................................................................

          Lateral curvature of spine in any region

 

13.     ...............................................................................................................................

A condition in which a defect in uric acid metabolism causes an excess of the acid and

 its salts (urates) to accumulate in the bloodstream and the joints respectively

 

14.     ...............................................................................................................................

Pain with associated loss of function in a limb resulting from its repeated

movement or sustained static loading

 

15.     ...............................................................................................................................

Any factor that acts on an individual so as to threaten his or her wellbeing, which

may produce a physiological and psychological response.  Mechanical stress

(or the lack of it) also affects the skeletal system

 

16.     ...............................................................................................................................

Swelling in the carpal tunnel (in the wrist) causing compression of the medial nerve

 

 

17.     ...............................................................................................................................

Protrusion of the pulpy inner material of an intervertebral disc through the

fibrous outer coat, causing pressure on adjoining nerve roots, ligaments, etc.

 

18.     ...............................................................................................................................

A swelling of the joint between the great toe and the first metatarsal bone. A

bursa often develops over the site and the great toe becomes displaced towards

the outers

 

19.     ...............................................................................................................................

Damage to the ligaments, vertebrae, or spinal cord, caused by sudden jerking

back of the head and neck, often in occupants of a car hit from behind

 

 

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