Skin Disorders

Published on 28th September 2020

Skin Diseases and Disorders

As part of your anatomy and physiology course, you need to study pathologies. (That's diseases and disorders to you and me!)

The human body is designed to be in a state of ease, but if not treated well with good nutrition, exercise, relaxation and good thoughts the body can become out of balance and a state of dis-ease or disease results. A disorder is when there is irregularity, disturbance, or interruption of normal functions in the body. For example the bsence of a woman's monthly menstrual period not due to pregnancy called be a disorder and is called amenorrhea. A sprained ankle is an injury and a curved spine is a disorder. 

Here are a couple of pathologies for the Skin

Cellulitis:

Description

Bacterial infection affecting deep layers of skin and underlying tissues.

Causes

Staphylococcus or streptococcus bacteria , usually resident on skin surface or nostrils can enter blood via a cut , scratch or bite

Signs and Symptoms

Starts with small area of tenderness, warmth, redness and swelling .skin may look shiny.

especially affects  legs arms or head and neck

As it enlarges person may develop fever, muscle aches, swollen lymph nodes near affected area. Not contagious

MRSA:

Description

Methicillin resistent staphylococcus  aureus – bacterial infection resistant to antibiotics

Causes

Most problematic in hospitals and institutions such as prisons and  nursing homes as easily passed from person to person especially if poor hygiene or general health

Signs and symptoms

Usually presents as small red bumps or pimples. May be fever.

Eventually get larger , more painful and open up into deep pus filled boils

May enter blood stream and cause septicaemia, meningitis, pneumonia or heart problems

 

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