The origins insertions and actions of muscles

Published on 6th March 2017



Our physiotherapist Jane Johnson is passionate about sharing her knowledge and making learning as fun and interesting as possible, but with learning the origins, insertions and actions of muscles, learning the good old fashioned way "parrot fashion" is required.

The origin of the muscle is where it starts and attaches to bone. The insertion is where it finishes and attacheds. Muscles always move from origin to insertion and have multiple actions.

This is the list of muscles covered on our anatomy and physiology course and the most important ones for body workers such as massage therapists to learn.

Muscles of the Trunk


Levator Scapulae



Teres Major

Teres Minor

Erector Spinae


Latissimus dorsi

Iliacus – shown at end of the DVD

Psoas – shown at end of the DVD

Muscles of the Lower Limb


Biceps Femoris

Flexor Digitorum Longus

Flexor Hallucis Longus




Vastus Lateralis
Vastus medialis
Vastus Intermedius
Vastus Rectus Femoris


Tibialis anterior

Extensor Digitorum Longus

Entensor Hallucis Longus

Peroneous Longus (Fibularis)

Muscles of the Upper Limb


Biceps Brachii


Triceps Brachii


Flexor Digitorum

Flexor Carpi Ulnaris

Flexor Carpi Radialis

Extensor Digitorum

Extensor Carpi Ulnaris

Extensor Carpi Radialis


Pectoralis Minor

Pectoralis Major

These are all covered in our muscles e-course


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