Muscular System Mock Exam

Published on 12th May 2020

Muscular System Mock Exam

Our anatomy and physiology courses were created in 2008 when I owned a large school of massage. The Muscular system for massage therapists is of course the most significant body system to understand and a real knowledge of the position and action of muscles is vital for the professional therapist to work safely. However by relieving tension and tightness in the muscles all the other body systems will benefit. To revise your a and p knowlesge of the muscular system, here are some mock exam questions.

2. From the description below identify which muscle type is being described.

Not under conscious control

Responsible for heartbeat

Microscopically striated

Own nerve supply and affected by hormones

Answer………………………………………..………

3. What is the name of the popular theory regarding muscular contraction?

Answer………………………………………..………

  

4. Name the two types of protein molecules inside the muscle fibre that are responsible for muscle contraction.

……………………..…….

………………………….

5. True or false:

The biceps femoris muscle both flexes the knee and extends the hip ……………

The vastus medialis muscle both flexes the hip and extends the knee …………..

6. Choose from the following list the muscles being described by their Origins, Insertions and Actions

Rhomboid,     Sternocleidomastoid,     Biceps Brachii,     Levator Scapulae,

Deltoid,      Trapezius,      Gluteus Maximus, Lattisimus Dorsi,    

Brachioradialis,      Supraspinatus,     Masseter,    Gastrocnemius,     Infraspinatus,   

Gracilis,     Temporalis,    Iliacus,   Serratus Anterior,    Frontalis

O: Transverse processes of C1-4

I: upper medial border of scapula

A: elevates scapula, lateral flexion of neck

Answer…………………………………………………

******************************************************************

O: Ilium, Sacrum. Coccyx

I:  Greater Trochanter – upper femur

A: Hip extension and lateral rotation

Answer…………………………………………………

******************************************************************

O: Distal Humerus

I:  Styloid process radius (wrist)

A: Elbow Flexion

Answer…………………………………………………

******************************************************************

O: Lateral and medial condyles femur

I:  Calcaneus (Achilles’ tendon)

A: Plantarflexion and knee flexion

Answer…………………………………………………

******************************************************************

    O: aponeurosis of the scalp, frontal bone

     I: fascias above eyes and nose

    A: raises the eyebrows, horizontal wrinkles of the forehead

Answer…………………………………………………

7. Match the following terms with their definitions. (6)

a) Agonist    b) antagonist   c) atony    d) aponeurosis  e) fascia  f) sprain g) strain

A lack of muscle tension. ……………..

A muscle that is lengthening during movement …………..…..

Connective tissue that surrounds and runs through muscle …………….

A muscle tear. ……………..….

8. Choose from the list the type of muscular contraction being described below:

Isometric,  Eccentric,   Isotonic,   Concentric

Contraction with no movement ………………..

Muscle is shortening ………………..…

9. Choose from the following list the disorders being described below:

Spasm,    Atony,    Spasticity,    Fibrositis,

Stress,    Atrophy,    Cramp,    Rupture,    Strain

Muscles lacking normal elasticity ………………..

Wasting of muscle tissue …………………                    

Temporary muscle spasm …………………….              

Excessive muscular tension.   ………………………

 

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