Hormone Know How

Published on 10th April 2017

Anatomy and Physiology of the Endocrine System

The endocrine system is made up of endocrine glands and hormones that send messages to create changes and balance in the body. What do you know about hormones? Answer these SELF-ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS and surprise yourself with your knowledge!

1) Which of the following are true of hormones:

Hormones are chemical messages
They are secreted from the central nervous system
They are secreted into ducts
They are secreted into the bloodstream
They are controlled by positive feedback

2) Which of the following are true about the pituitary gland - the pituitary gland stimulates:

The thyroid gland
The pancreas
The parathyroid
The adrenal medulla
The adrenal cortex
The kidneys
The ovaries

3) Growth hormone is secreted by:

The thyroid
The pituitary
The hypothalamus

4) Match the term on the left with the proper selection on the right for ehere these endocrine glands are situated:

a) Pituitary                             i)  Pelvic cavity

b) Parathyroids                     ii) Mediastinum

c) Adrenals                            iii) Neck

d) Ovaries                             iv) Cranial cavity

e) Thymus                             v) Abdominal cavity

5) TSH acts on the:

a) Thyroid      b) Thymus    c) Pineal   d) Testes

6) ACTH stimulates the:

a) Adrenal cortex   b) Adrenal medulla   c) Hypothalamus   d) Ovaries

7) Select the correct word in brackets:

a) Parathyroid hormone (increases / decreases) calcium levels in the blood

b) Insulin (increases / decreases) glucose levels in the blood

c) Thyroxine (increases / decreases) the metabolism

d) ADH (increases / decreases) urine output

e) Melatonin causes (wakefulness / drowsiness)



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