Diseases and Disorders of the Skeleton

Published on 5th October 2018

The Muscular System is a module in the ITEC Anatomy and Physiology course we provide as an E-Course. 

If you are studying anatomy and physiology and have missed a class or need some extra help with a particular system, you can buy each body system individually.  The Anatomy and Physiology of the Muscular system including; film, workbook, online assessments, supplementary notes and self assessment questions. (FHT CPD Value = 5 Points) Price £28.25

Test yourself on the Diseases and Disorders of the Skeleton System using this revision aid- answers are below.

1 Pain and stiffness in the joints. A general term. More specifically: Bones and joints = Arthritis Muscles and soft tissue = Fibrositis Nervous system = Neuritis

2. Body attacks its own tissue in a joint - the cartilage and synovial membrane

3. Irritation of joints caused by wear and tear, usually due to ageing. Cartilage degenerates and spurs of new bone tissue are deposited. Bones can fuse, reducing movement

4. Inflammation of Bursa

5. Displacement of bone caused by tearing of ligaments or tendons

6. Forcible wrenching or twisting of joint with partial rupture of attachments

7.  Decreased bone mass as a result of decreased levels of oestrogen. Common in post-menopausal women

8. Partial or complete break of bone

9. Soft bones due to bone not calcifying because of lack of vitamin D 

10. Exaggerated outward curvature of the spine in the thoracic region

11. Inward exaggeration of the spine in the lumbar region

12.  Lateral curvature of spine in any region

13. A condition in which a defect in uric acid metabolism causes an excess of the acid and its salts (urates) to accumulate in the bloodstream and the joints respectively

14. Pain with associated loss of function in a limb resulting from its repeated movement or sustained static loading

15. Any factor that acts on an individual so as to threaten his or her wellbeing, which may produce a physiological and psychological response. Mechanical stress (or the lack of it) also affects the skeletal system

16. Swelling in the carpal tunnel (in the wrist) causing compression of the medial nerve

17. Protrusion of the pulpy inner material of an intervertebral disc through the fibrous outer coat, causing pressure on adjoining nerve roots, ligaments, etc.

18. A swelling of the joint between the great toe and the first metatarsal bone. A bursa often develops over the site and the great toe becomes displaced towards the outers

19. Damage to the ligaments, vertebrae, or spinal cord, caused by sudden jerking back of the head and neck, often in occupants of a car hit from behind

How did you get on? check your answers below

1. Arthritis

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis

3. Osteoarthritis

4. Bursistis

5. Avulsion Fracture

6. Strain

7. Osteoporosis

8. Fracture

9. Ricketts

10. Kyphosis 

11. Lordosis

12. Scoliosis

13. Gout

14. RSI 

15. Stress

16. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

17. Herniated Disc

18. Bunion....(Hallux Vulgas)

19. Whiplash

You can find more information about the skeleton system here

 

G M Tree Training
Anatomy and Physiology Online Courses 

 

 

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