Digestive System Diseases and Disorders

Published on 14th November 2020

 

Students on our anatomy and physiology courses are doing us proud. We are still achieving at least 95% pass rate and usually 100%. Those who don't pass first time usually do the second and are often students for whom English is not their first language. Of course studying an anatomy and physiology course in a language that is not your own is a huge challenge and I take my hat off to them for taking it on in the first place. 

We had nine students take the exam last week and they all passed with flying colours;

Marks in the 90's – 4 One student achieved 98% which is remarkable. 

Marks in the 80’s – 4

Marks in the 50's - 1

Many congratulations to them. We have 21 students taking their exams in December and I hope they have as much success.

We are delighted to confirm that we are able to continue to hold the ITEC Level 3  Anatomy Physiology and Pathology for the complementary therapist exams online into 2021.  There are currently dates available through to May next year and you can book online here https://www.anatomyandphysiologyonline.com/items/itec-exam-booking

As we move into the new year and continue to liaise with ITEC, more dates will be added for the summer and autumn.

So now test your digestive system;

1.  Complete the statements below choosing your answers from the following list :

 

Colon,     Gall Bladder,       Peristalsis,       Amylase,       Appendix,        Chyme,        Bolus,  Duodenum,       Lacteal,         Rugae,          Glycerol,       Pepsin,       Bile Salts,  Jejenum,       Papillae,        Amino Acid,       Hepatic Portal Vein,      Liver,       Pancreas,        Oesphagus,       Glucose (Monosaccharide)

A …………………. is a lymphatic capillary found in the villi of the small intestine which absorbs fat

One of the breakdown products of fat (triglyceride) digestion by the enzyme lipase is …………………………….

A narrow tube about 9cm long attached to the caecum, containing non-pathogenic bacteria is the  ……………………………

The middle portion of the large intestine joining the caecum and rectum is the …………………………

The wavelike contractions of muscle fibres, that help propel food along the alimentary  tract is called ……………………………

Substances made from the breakdown of red blood cells that help in the digestion of fats by emulsifying them are called …………………………....

The partially digested, semi-fluid food mixture that leaves the stomach is called …………………………………..

 ………………………is an enzyme found in saliva and pancreatic juice that converts starch to shorter chain polysaccharides

………………………. is an enzyme activated by hydrochloric acid in the stomach, starting the chemical digestion of protein

2.  Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver

      a. Stores Bile

      b. Stores Vitamin A

      c. Filters harmful toxins from the blood

      d.  Produces Vitamin D

Answer………………………………

3.  True or False?

Bilirubin is a bile pigment derived from broken white cells

Answer………………………………

4.  The Gall Bladder contracts to release bile into which other part of the Digestive system

      a. Liver

      b. Duodenum

      c. Pancreas

      d. Stomach

Answer………………………………

5.  Select the disorder being described below from the following list.

Cirrhosis of liver,           Ulcer,       Coeliac’s disease,      Heartburn,         Hernia,     Jaundice,      Irritable bowel syndrome,       Gall stones,            Appendicitis

Erosion in the walls of the digestive system, often caused by too much acid ……………………….….

A rupture, in which an organ pushes through the surface of the structures which normally hold it in …………………………………

Functional liver tissue damaged by factors such as hepatitis or alcoholism and replaced by fibrous or adipose tissue …………………………………..……

Disorder of the small intestine that may be caused by a reaction to a gluten protein found in several cereal grains, leading  to poor absorption of nutrients ………………………….……… ………………….

Recurrent abdominal pain with constipation and/or diarrhoea and bloating, aggravated by stress …………………..…………. …………………..

6.  From the list below choose the two main blood vessels that directly supply the liver

      a. Internal Iliac Vein

      b. Hepatic Artery

      c. Renal Artery

      d. Portal Vein

      e. Splenic Vein

      f. Superior Mesenteric Vein

Answer………………………………

7.  True or False?

The small rough elevations covering the upper surface of tongue, on which taste buds may be located are called Papillae.

Answer………………………………

 

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